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Welcome Back to 1976

By Evelyn Teel and Jim McDonnell

Our last blog post discussed the trend of decreasing natural gas prices in the 2010s (please find that blog post at this link: What does the trend in natural gas prices look like if we go further back in time?  To answer this question, we extended our look-back to 44 years. 

The graph below shows natural gas prices (monthly average) over the 528 months spanning January 1976 through December 2019. Prices have fluctuated significantly, with particularly big run-ups during the early 2000s. Natural gas prices have been as low as $0.54/mmBtu and as high as $10.79.  Overall, prices have trended upwards. These prices are in “nominal” dollars, meaning dollars of the day, and are not adjusted for inflation.

If we sort the 528 months of price data from lowest to highest, we can see that today’s prices are significantly below both the median and average prices of the full dataset. This means that for the majority of the past 4+ decades, natural gas prices have been higher than they are today.

As indicated, the two graphs above show prices in nominal dollars. When we adjust for inflation, the story changes rather dramatically. The following two graphs show the pricing data in “real” dollars, specifically adjusted into today’s dollars.

Adjusted for inflation, over the 528 months, the low price was $1.87/mmBtu and the high was $13.33/mmBtu. Overall, inflation adjusted prices have trended sideways.  

Looking at the December 2019 monthly average of $2.22/mmBtu, it is very nearly the lowest natural gas price since 1976, adjusted for inflation. More specifically, it was the 8th lowest of all 528 months under review.

The graph below shows nominal and real natural gas prices plotted together. Viewing the data this way highlights the effects of inflation.

It is remarkable to note that, in real dollars, natural gas prices are basically the same as they were 44 years ago – and they are significantly lower today than they have been for most of that period. Plus, not only are prices low today, they are expected to remain low for the foreseeable future. Appending the natural gas forward curve (which represents the market’s view of pricing five years, and even further, into the future) to the historical real dollar price graph shows that prices are expected to remain flat. 

So, when a friend refers to 1976 as a wonderful time of low natural gas prices, trading at around $0.54/mmBtu, tell them, adjusted for inflation, that is $2.50/mmBtu in today’s dollars.  With current prices as of this writing now below $2.00/mmBtu, for natural gas buyers, as Carly Simon sings, “…these are the good old days.” For natural gas producers, not so much.        

The natural gas market has seen some remarkable changes since 1976, driven by technological advances, economic fluctuations, and global political considerations. It is also increasingly sharing the electricity-generation space with a range of competitors, particularly a rapidly-expanding volume of renewables such as wind and solar. It is an exciting time, as the US is generating increasingly clean electricity and building a more sustainable energy system. We can be relatively certain that the energy market in 2064 won’t much resemble the one today, and it will be fascinating to see which factors most drive change in the future.

Interested in learning how you can benefit from today’s low energy prices? Call or email us today and we’d be happy to help you explore your options.

The Avalon Advantage – Visit our website at, call us at 888-484-8096, or email us at

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All images copyright 2020 Avalon Energy® Services LLC

Copyright 2020 by Avalon Energy® Services LLC

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Real Electricity Prices (Energy Prices Always Go Up, Part 5)

This article is part of an occasional series that examines the common perception that energy prices always go up.  We have examined both electricity prices (read here and here) and natural gas prices (read here and here).

An article published recently by states that, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), “The price of electricity hit a record for the month of October” and that “Americans now pay 42 percent more for electricity than they did a decade ago.”  Sounds scary.

Is it?  Let’s see.

Here, in graphical form, are the October US City Average electricity prices, in dollars per kilowatt-hour (kWh), as found on the BLS website.

During the period of time from 2003 to 2013, October electricity prices rose from $0.093/kWh to $0.132/kWh, a 41.9% increase.

It is important to note that the data above are in “nominal” dollars and do not account for the effects of inflation.  Over the time period examined, the purchasing power of a dollar has declined, so the electricity prices presented above are not being compared on a consistent basis.  In order to make the data consistent, we can normalize it by adjusting for inflation by converting the data to “real” 2013 dollars.  Another BLS dataset can help with this.

The BLS tracks changes in the purchasing power of a dollar through its Consumer Price Index (CPI).  The CPI can be used to convert dollar values from past years into inflation-adjusted dollar values for the current year.  For example, the 2003 electricity prices can be converted to 2013 dollars as follows:

Electricity Price 2013 = Electricity Price 2003 x (CPI Base Year / CPI Current Year)

Electricity Price 2013 = $0.093/kWh x (232.9/184.0)

Electricity Price 2013 = $0.118/kWh

The graph below shows the nominal electricity prices presented above along with the same data converted to real 2013 dollars:

The 42% increase on a nominal basis equates to only a 12% increase in real dollars.  Not quite so scary.

Looking further back in time, how have electricity prices behaved in nominal and real terms?

The graph below shows October electricity prices from the same BLS dataset for the period of time 1979 to 2013.

Over this period, October electricity prices have increased from $0.053/kWh to $0.132/kWh, a 149.1% increase.

The graph below shows the same data converted to real 2013 dollars:

In real 2013 dollars, October electricity prices have DECLINED from $0.170/kWh to $0.132/kWh.  This is a 22.4% decline in real dollars.

Do electricity prices always go up?  In real terms, no.

The Avalon Advantage – Visit our website at, call us at 888-484-8096, or email us at

Please feel free to share this article.  If you do, please email or post the web link.  Unauthorized copying, retransmission, or republication is prohibited.

Copyright 2013 by Avalon Energy® Services LLC